Lifestyle changes during pandemic behind increase in various liver diseases, inform doctors, Health News, ET HealthWorld

Lifestyle changes during pandemic behind increase in various liver diseases, inform doctorsMumbai : The pandemic leading to lockdown and many following the sedentary lifestyle lack of balanced diet has triggered a rise in liver disease, inform doctors. On the occasion of World Liver Day, today, doctors warn that many have developed fatty liver, a silent disease affecting large proportions of patients with diabetes, obesity, and metabolic syndrome.

Speaking in detail about the fatty liver and liver inflammation, Dr Vinay Pawar, Gastroenterologist and liver specialist from Platinum Hospital, said,”The liver plays an important role in all metabolic activities and that is why the liver is called the body’s chemical factory and has more than 500 functions. The liver is also a major component of the body’s immune system. Fatty liver condition occurs when fat builds up in the liver that can cause liver inflammation, and damage your liver and create scarring. In severe cases, the scarring can lead to liver failure. Among people who drink a lot of alcohol, the condition is known as alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD), while among those who don’t drink a lot, it’s metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD), earlier known as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is strongly associated with obesity. Excess fat causes insulin resistance and inflammatory signals. Insulin resistance means that the pancreas has to produce more insulin in order to maintain normal blood glucose levels, and is the first step towards developing diabetes.”

Further added that MAFLD is associated with increased all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Lifestyle changes involving obesity, sedentary lifestyle, food rich in sugar, calories and fat, and alcohol are the main reasons behind the poor liver health.”

Highlighting about Hepatitis and it is still a major concern in India and jaundice is the third leading cause of death, Dr. Kunal Adhyaru Hepatologist from Terna Specialty Hospital and Research Center, said, “Jaundice occurs when the liver is damaged but there are many misconceptions in India about jaundice. For example, misconceptions about tying the cotton knot on hand and getting rid of jaundice have nothing to do with the disease. Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Hepatitis E are the most common types of hepatitis viruses. Hepatitis A and E enter through contaminated food and water in our gut before infecting the liver. Hepatitis B and C viruses more through contaminated blood products, and perinatally. Eyes and urine become yellow first followed by generalized skin. Hepatitis B & C viruses can progress to chronic liver disease including cirrhosis, so timely treatment from hepatologist needed also complementary and alternative medicines are known to cause drug-induced hepatitis.”

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